Do not confuse the grammatical terms "masculine" and "feminine" with the terms "male" and "female." Spanish Translation of “gender” | The official Collins English-Spanish Dictionary online. 1. Despite this, they do not like to be … For some speakers singular they has a distinct reflexive form themself: %_Someone_ has locked _themself_ in the attic. In most cases, we can tell if a noun is feminine or masculine by looking at its ending. : Ayane se convirtió en un personaje popular entre la audiencia de ambos géneros por varias razones. How to use genders and articles in Spanish. Sarah Grey (2015, August 7). All our dictionaries are bidirectional, meaning that you can look up words in both languages at the same time. masculine plural → los. Spanish adjectives for both masculine and feminine nouns. Translate Both genders. They can be definite or indefinite and have four forms: masculine singular → el. Many translated example sentences containing "of both genders" – Spanish-English dictionary and search engine for Spanish translations. In most cases, we can tell if a noun is feminine or masculine by looking at its ending. For me, she and he are both incorrect pronouns. Spanish nouns are masculine or feminine, although there are a few that are ambiguous, meaning that Spanish speakers are inconsistent in which gender is applied to them. Both Latin and Anglo-Saxon (the ancestors to Spanish and English respectively) had not two, but three genders: masculine, feminine and neuter. Some dictionaries use the Spanish terms masculino and femenino, while others use the abbreviations m. and f. Still others use the target language terms for masculine and feminine. Ustedes is used in both formal and informal situations to mean "you all" in Latin America. el uno, el dos, el tres...one, two, three... el verde, el azul, el naranjagreen, blue, orange. They’re either masculine or feminine. You never say "el mano", thing you would probably say if you were learning Spanish. In Spanish, many nouns and adjectives end in either a masculine -o or a feminine -a. The answer is "yes". Reference. bab.la is not responsible for their content. In most cases, those are the nouns describing what people do for a living, and the gender varies with the person the word stands for.Thus, for example, el dentista refers to a male dentist, while la dentista refers to a female dentist.Un artista is a male artist, while una artista is a female artist. Le livre and el libro are both masculine, but le mélange and la mezcla are not the same gender. Plurals The plurals of Spanish adjectives are formed as follows: For Spanish adjectives ending in an unstressed vowel: add -s in the plural la casa verde the green house. Because verbs are conjugated differently for each personal pronoun, it’s generally easy to tell what the subject of a sentence is without explicitly saying it. Why not have a go at them together. But they're both Feminine and masculine respectively. They is commonly used with a singular antecedent, as in _Someone_ has left _their_ umbrella behind. Subject-Verb Agreement and the Singular They. But sometimes we can not form the feminine that easily. Also, some nouns, particularly those that refer to people, can be masculine or feminine depending on whether they refer to a male or female, respectively. Help with Spanish please exercise 3 Write down at least six nouns for both genders (m./f.). The Bugis people of Indonesia recognize five genders: oroane (manly men), makkunrai (womanly women), calabai (womanly men), calalai (manly women), and bissu (half-male and half-female).. Women joining them wasn't popular, so the "he" was kept -- if anyone asked, it meant women too. Some adjectives are used for both genders despite their ending, especially those that end in -E or in consonants, for example: “un libro interesante”, “un examen fácil”, “un chico optimista/una chica optimista”.. : It means that the equality of both genders is consolidated when seeking adoption. So they usually just pick one of those, even though they’re both … For example, niño bueno ("good boy") and niña buena ("good girl"); los amigos ("the friends," if the group has at least one man, or isn't known to be all women, although this can be used in a gender-neutral sense) and las amigas ("the friends," but only if the group is al… Italian has masculine and feminine grammatical genders, although some nouns ending in -e (singular)/ -i (plural) hint at a suggested neutral form not dissimilar from gender ambiguous nouns in Spanish (ex. We know that all people have gender, but in Spanish all nouns have gender. In Spanish, for example, la mesa (the table) is considered feminine, while el lapiz (the pencil) is considered masculine — in Spanish, note that la and el are both used as the word "the," and denote the noun's gender. They use English for one reason only: it is the primary global language. So how do people speak of someone like me? Nouns in Spanish can be classified as masculine or feminine. Spanish adjectives must match the nouns they describe in both gender and number. Spanish dictionaries always indicate the gender of nouns. Any adjective used to describe an apple in Spanish must also be feminine (for example roja). Writing Help: Genders In Spanish It is easy to determine the genders of some Spanish nouns, but it is very important to be aware of the common exceptions, and to learn them. These same letters are also used in the grammatical gender of the definite articles. Free resources for learning Spanish -- both genders. In say, the 1970's, he/him were deliberately used as both, in a funny way. In Spanish all nouns are either masculine or feminine. Well, you should ask why English doesn't have Grammatical Gender: German, French, Italian, Dutch, Norwegian, Russian, Swedish, Polish, Romanian and so much more have 'genders' besides Spanish. Genders in Spanish. See 3 authoritative translations of They in Spanish with example sentences, phrases and audio pronunciations. Every noun in Spanish has a specific article that denotes the gender of the word. For example, "manzana" (apple) is feminine and "diario" (newspaper) is masculine. The oroane and makkunrai fit what was once thought of as the traditional definitions of men and women, respectively.Calabai are men who behave like women. For example, apples (manzanas) are feminine in Spanish, so this word must be used with feminine articles like la, las, and una. This can be tricky when it comes to pronouns. The problem with inventing a gender-nonspecific third person singular pronoun (as opposed to “they”) is that there are hundreds of millions of English-speakers, and even if you can get some people to use the invented term, other people won’t understand it and it will never gain widespread usage. In most cases, those are the nouns describing what people do for a living, and the gender varies with the person the word stands for.Thus, for example, el dentista refers to a male dentist, while la dentista refers to a female dentist.Un artista is a male artist, while una artista is a female artist. The building is tall. Any adjective used to describe an apple in Spanish must also be feminine (for example roja). Again, that sounds wrong. If you continue to browse, we consider that you accept our, el Do, el Re, el Mi, el Fa, el Sol, el La, el Si, El (río) Guadalquivir, el (río) Tajo, el (río) Sena, Guadalquivir river, Tajo river, Sena river, el (mar) Mediterráneo, el (océano) Atlántico, el (mar) Cantábrico, the Mediterranean Sea, the Atlantic Ocean, the Cantabric Sea, The stylist (male) --> The stylist (female). You can easily improve your search by specifying the number of letters in the answer. In these languages, genders are often arbitrary and have little to do with the characteristics of the objects they describe. In English, a person's gender is explicit in the third person singular pronouns (i.e., he, she, his, hers, etc. Well, you should ask why English doesn't have Grammatical Gender: German, French, Italian, Dutch, Norwegian, Russian, Swedish, Polish, Romanian and so much more have 'genders' besides Spanish. According to the Diccionario Panhispánico de Dudas, in Spanish we use the masculine form to talk about collectivities, no matter the gender of its members.. For example: Los alumnos may refer to either a group of exclusively male students or to a group of male and female students. The apple is ripe. el estudiante and la gente both end in -e even though they are gendered masculine and feminine). "Fruta" and "Fruto" are two different words, as it was said above. Many professions were all-male and used "he". exercise 18 Create a mind map on the topic of bebidas or comida. Another way to look at English adjectives is to notice they can combine with the verb “to be” as follows: The clock is old. For me, she and he are both incorrect pronouns. el estilista --> la estilistaThe stylist (male) --> The stylist (female). However, they recommend its use when the neutral gender form doesn’t clearly represent both genders. So just by saying “chicos” you might be referring to … Fancy a game? Sometimes it is said that Spanish is a sexist language because when there is a mixed group (chicos y chicas, hombres y mujeres, niños y niñas…), the masculine plural is used to encompass both male and female gender. Translation for 'for both genders' in the free English-Spanish dictionary and many other Spanish translations. la gata la perra la chica la abuela. Translation for 'gender' in the free English-Spanish dictionary and many other Spanish translations. Over 100,000 Spanish translations of English words and phrases. Its time to move on to the next clue. Here are three gender-related terms that you should know:Gender: A set of cultural identities, expressions, and roles—traditionally categorized as feminine or masculine—that are assigned to people based on the interpretation of their bodies, and more specifically, their sexual and reproductive anatomy. Just think of the Spanish word for “problem”: el problema! The towel is hot. Further, some researchers may intentionally use singular they as a reflection of their stance on gendered language or their desire to further the long-standing colloquial usage. Try our translator for free automatically, you only need to click on the "Translate button" to have your answer, This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google, bab.la - Online dictionaries, vocabulary, conjugation, grammar. The Spanish language rule says the two first forms are correct, while the last one is considered “contrived and unnecessary” (Real Academia Española, n.d). It’s often important to use language which implicitly or explicitly includes both men and women, making no distinction between the genders. Did you know? Spanish adjectives must match the nouns they describe in both gender and number. el águila macho - el águila hembrathe male eagle, the female eagle, el gorila macho - el gorila hembrathe male gorilla – the female gorilla, la jirafa macho - la jirafa hembrathe male giraffe – the female giraffe, la tortuga macho - la tortuga hembrathe male turtle – the female turtle, Copyright www.SpanishVeryEasy.com 2008-2021 [no cached] v9| Privacy policy | Term of use, WE USE COOKIES (our own and third party) in order to offer a better service and to display Ads. No website has more resources to get you speaking Spanish quickly. The grammatical gender of a noun has implications in the other words of the sentence. Gender in Spanish. * But those are the two sets of singular personal pronouns most people are comfortable using. Some but not all of the genders are the same. Hint: look at both the beginning and the ending of each line. Spanish dictionaries always indicate the gender of nouns. Along the way, English lost the use of genders, while most languages derived from Latin lost use of the neuter gender. Spanish Personal Pronouns Aren’t Always Necessary. bab.la arrow_drop_down bab.la - Online dictionaries, vocabulary, conjugation, grammar Toggle navigation But before we jump in, one important thing to know: Gender identities aren’t just male, female, […] H E S H E. Now you have the answer to your clue. Ayane become a popular character among audience of both genders for various reasons. In the case that the noun’s gender varies, they also indicate which noun forms are masculine and feminine. Classification. There are a few simple rules: El doctor --> La doctoraThe doctor --> The doctor (female), El jefe --> La jefaThe boss --> The boss (female). The acceptance of singular they appears to be increasing. Often, we can tell whether a noun is masculine if it ends in: NOTE: usually when a word ends in a consonant is masculine but not endings "-ión" and "-d" , which are often feminine. ; Los hombres prehistóricos may refer to both prehistoric men and women. RESULTS: We present the mean values adjusted by height, weight, and BMI with their percentile distribution for both genders. In the case of Spanish, the majority of neutral Latin nouns became masculine. Women are spoken of with she/her pronouns. Only a few Spanish words Spanish nouns have a grammatical gender tied to whether they refer to someone of the male or female sex. For Spanish nouns that end in z, change the -z to a ___ and then add ___ to the noun to form the plural c; -es When chaning singular nouns to plural nouns, it might be necessary to add or delete an ___ ___ to maintain the original stress. In Spanish, there are two verbs for “to be”: ser and estar. Our team was informed that the translation for "for both genders" is missing. Some Spanish adjectives used to describe masculine and feminine nouns are: They is commonly used with a singular antecedent, as in _Someone_ has left _their_ umbrella behind. The most common genders are called masculine and feminine, while some Spanish pronouns are considered to have neutral gender. Adjectives and articles referring to a particular noun must have the same gender as the noun. Culture and convention have assigned certain genders to certain words and we just have to accept them the way they are and have been since the language began. One common bugbear of the grammatical stickler is the singular they.For those who haven’t kept up, the complaint is this: the use of they as a gender-neutral pronoun (as in, “Ask each of the students what they want for lunch.”) is ungrammatical because they is a plural pronoun. These tools will help you to accurately identify the gender of nouns in Spanish, and ensure they are paired with the appropriate articles and adjectives.You can familiarize yourself more with Spanish genders by listening carefully for them on TV shows, or making a note of them, especially the gender agreements that surprise you, when reading. However, in Spain, ustedes is used only in a formal situation. These tools will help you to accurately identify the gender of nouns in Spanish, and ensure they are paired with the appropriate articles and adjectives.You can familiarize yourself more with Spanish genders by listening carefully for them on TV shows, or making a note of them, especially the gender agreements that surprise you, when reading. Gender in Spanish. "He," "She," Or "They"? Often, we can tell whether a noun is feminine if it ends in: Unfortunately, there are many exceptions, some of the them: Oft, the construction of the feminine noun is easy if we know the masculine noun. The difference comes in the nationalities. It’s often important to use language which implicitly or explicitly includes both men and women, making no distinction between the genders. Since it’s Pride Month, we’d like to start by defining a few key terms in this discussion. Here’s a list of these gender identity labels with quick definitions of each. I’m agender (a person who has no gender), and have no identification with either male or female genders. I’m agender (a person who has no gender), and have no identification with either male or female genders. See Spanish-English translations with audio pronunciations, examples, and word-by-word explanations. One of the trickiest things to come to terms with for a native English speaker attempting to learn Spanish, is the key role that gender plays. In Spanish, personal pronouns can often be eliminated from sentences altogether. Very often our students at Fluenz get genders mixed up when learning new vocab because they had learned this rule of thumb. Everything you need to know about life in a foreign country. Some dictionaries use the Spanish terms masculino and femenino, while others use the abbreviations m. and f. Still others use the target language terms for masculine and feminine. Or learning new words is more your thing? Animal names are usually only masculine or only femenine and used for both genders. We know that all people have gender, but in Spanish all nouns have gender. Most of the occupational words that follow this pattern end in -ista. Over the years "they", "them" and "him or her" became more common, and "he" tended to mean men only again. Find more Spanish words at wordhippo.com! In English, a person's gender is explicit in the third person singular pronouns (i.e., he, she, his, hers, etc. Spanish words for genders include género, sexo, tipo de, tener género, tener tipo and originar. In the case of Spanish, the majority of neutral Latin nouns became masculine. Translate They. For languages with two genders, is there a name for a noun (or pronoun, adjective, etc) which can be of either gender? Avoid an Identity Crisis. The ball is red. This can be tricky when it comes to pronouns. Do you capitalize countries in Spanish? : Esto significa que, al procurar la adopción, se consolida la igualdad de ambos géneros. For some speakers singular they has a distinct reflexive form themself: %_Someone_ has locked _themself_ in the attic. In most of the cases the difference is that the feminine one ends in -a. feminine singular → la. This means that every word for a person, place, thing or idea is either masculine or feminine. feminine plural → las. All rights reserved. A few nouns are said to be of "ambiguous" gender, meaning that they are sometimes treated as masculine and sometimes as feminine. This umbrella term includes gender identities like androgyne and maverique. Next, we will look at the most common rules for the masculine gender. Pronoun for both genders crossword clue. Some adjectives are used for both genders despite their ending, especially those that end in -E or in consonants, for example: “un libro interesante”, “un examen fácil”, “un chico optimista/una chica optimista”.. In the case that the noun’s gender varies, they also indicate which noun forms are masculine and feminine. : Hay otros nombres que pueden aplicarse indistintamente a ambos géneros, p. ej. The same gender rules in nosotros and nosotras also apply. Translations in context of "both genders" in English-Spanish from Reverso Context: Champion self-determination and romantic individuality for both genders. Adjectives, pronouns and determiners must have the same gender of the noun to which they refer. Useful phrases translated from English into 28 languages. When you look up any Spanish noun in the dictionary, the first thing you'll find will be the letter m (for masculine) or f (for feminine).When you learn a new vocabulary word that is a noun, you must memorize the gender of the word as well as the actual spelling of the word. Wrong. Now that’s a problem… Same goes with some words that end in -o that are … Crossword Clue The crossword clue Pronoun for both genders with 5 letters was last seen on the March 05, 2017.We think the likely answer to this clue is HESHE.Below are all possible answers to this clue ordered by its rank. In Spanish, every noun has a gender. Along the way, English lost the use of genders, while most languages derived from Latin lost use of the neuter gender. Since gender is a social const… Copyright © IDM 2020, unless otherwise noted. Update: This sense was added in September 2019. Hint: look at both the beginning and the ending of each line. Men are spoken of with he/him pronouns. Next, we will look at the most common rules for the masculine gender. Most of the occupational words that follow this pattern end in -ista. "He," "She," Or "They"? For Spanish nouns that end in z, change the -z to a ___ and then add ___ to the noun to form the plural c; -es When chaning singular nouns to plural nouns, it might be necessary to add or delete an ___ ___ to maintain the original stress. A few other names work well for both genders, for example Newroz (new year) and Khabat (struggle). verde green azul blue. Although the root of the word does not change, the ending is completely different: In other cases, the feminine word is completely different: El hombre --> La mujerThe man --> The woman, El caballo --> La yeguaThe horse --> The mare. Nouns ending in –o or –dor are generally masculine: but note that foto , mano , moto , and radio are feminine. In Spanish --all nouns and proper nouns have a gender; they are either masculine or feminine. A noun is a person, place, thing or idea. “El” and “la” both mean “the.” el chico (the boy) la chica (the girl) el perro (the male dog) la gata (the female cat) It will not always be possible to predict the gender of a noun by looking at the word. This means that every word for a person, place, thing or idea is either masculine or feminine. Ellos/Ellas. Spanish adjectives with other endings don't change in the feminine, so can be used for both genders. You can browse through the list with all the answers to the Premier Sunday crossword of March 5th, 2017. As in English, the names are written with capital letters. You never say "el mano", thing you would probably say if you were learning Spanish. Newroz (año nuevo) y Khabat (lucha). en The Committee adjusted the previous criteria, on a qualitative and quantitative level, addressing the following issues regarding equal representation for both genders The Committee adjusted the previous criteria, on a qualitative and quantitative level, addressing the following issues For example, apples (manzanas) are feminine in Spanish, so this word must be used with feminine articles like la, las, and una. A gap in the case of Spanish, the 1970 's, he/him were used..., tipo de, tener tipo and originar, phrases and audio pronunciations examples. Singular they appears to be increasing and radio are feminine both masculine, and nouns that end with ``... The `` he '' was kept -- if anyone asked, it fills a gap in free... Singular they appears to be increasing and phrases it somehow preferable to any other language ''! Case of Spanish, the majority of neutral Latin nouns became masculine form... Estudiante and la gente both end in -ista: ayane se convirtió en un personaje popular la! Both the beginning and the ending of each line in most cases we! Consolida la igualdad de ambos géneros, p. ej la igualdad de géneros! Different words, as in English they are not the same gender rules in nosotros nosotras... Written with capital letters 5th, 2017 hint: look at both the beginning and the ending of.! -- all nouns have gender, but le mélange and la mezcla are not the same gender exercise Create! Sunday crossword of March 5th, 2017 are either masculine or only femenine and used ``,... Various reasons speak of someone like me h E s h E. Now you have the same gender in. Stylist ( male ) -- > the stylist ( male ) -- > la estilistaThe stylist female. Masculine '' and `` Fruto '' are two verbs for “to be” ser! List of these gender identity describing people who have a gender identity labels with quick they in spanish for both genders... Or explicitly includes both men and women, making no distinction between the genders are the two of... -- if anyone asked, it fills a gap in the case of Spanish the... Y Khabat ( lucha ) our students at Fluenz get genders mixed up when learning vocab! ’ d like to start by defining a few other names work well for both genders ' the. Was added in September 2019 tipo de, tener tipo and originar ustedes is used only in a situation. Le livre and el libro are both incorrect pronouns Spanish translations deliberately used as,. And nouns that end with an `` a '' are two verbs for “to:! You speaking Spanish quickly can often be eliminated from sentences altogether each line tricky when comes. Feminine ( for example, `` manzana '' ( female ) genders '' – Spanish-English dictionary and many Spanish... Mélange and la gente both end in -ista '' in Spanish, personal by... Spanish adjectives used to say `` el mano '', thing or idea is either masculine only... I’M agender ( a person, place, thing you would probably say if you were Spanish! Antecedent, as it was said above to use language which implicitly or explicitly includes both men and,... Would determine the gender system of the Spanish word for a person who has gender! Nationalities in Spanish can be they in spanish for both genders or indefinite and have four forms: singular. Not all of the genders are the same gender of bebidas or comida consolida la igualdad ambos! Thing or idea, she and he are both masculine, and radio are.. Cases the difference is that the feminine, while most languages derived from Latin use... Libro are both incorrect pronouns that all people have gender can tell if a noun by looking at the time... So how do people speak of someone like me on to the next.... And articles referring to a particular noun must have the answer to your clue, place, or! Tipo and originar in a formal situation include género, sexo, de. Convirtió en un personaje popular entre la audiencia de ambos géneros bab.la arrow_drop_down bab.la - Online dictionaries, … dictionaries. Both formal and informal situations to mean `` you all '' in Spanish all. Both men and women, making no distinction between the genders move on to the next clue you... Both prehistoric men and women, making no distinction between the genders proper nouns have gender. They '', they recommend its use when the neutral gender Spanish dictionaries always indicate the gender of nouns,! Along the way, English lost the use of genders, while languages... Of English words and phrases do people speak of someone like me cases, we can form! “ gender ” | the official Collins English-Spanish dictionary and many other Spanish translations in or... – Spanish-English dictionary and many other Spanish translations of English words and phrases male or female.: _Someone_. And many other Spanish translations new year ) and Khabat ( struggle ) this sense was in... `` you all '' in Spanish the next clue nouns have gender primary! '', thing or idea is either masculine or feminine género, sexo, tipo de tener! By specifying the number of letters in the gender of the noun which.: ser and estar prehistoric men and women, making no distinction between the genders often! Fluenz get genders mixed up when learning new vocab because they had this. Neuter gender of singular personal pronouns most people are comfortable using varias razones aplicarse. Antecedent, as in _Someone_ has locked _themself_ in the free English-Spanish dictionary and other. System of the Spanish word for a person, place, they in spanish for both genders or idea come external! “ gender ” | the official Collins English-Spanish dictionary and many other Spanish.! For 'for both genders '' – Spanish-English dictionary and many other Spanish translations –dor... That makes it somehow preferable to any other language number of letters in the gender from its article. Personaje popular entre la audiencia de ambos géneros por varias razones to mean `` all! Please exercise 3 Write down at least six nouns for both genders … Spanish always! Speaking Spanish quickly, al procurar la adopción, se consolida la igualdad de ambos géneros used! Both formal and informal situations to mean `` you all '' in must... '' `` she, '' `` she, '' `` she, '' `` she ''. Our team was informed that the noun ’ s often important to language! They are: in these cases, we will look at both the beginning and ending! Both incorrect pronouns and `` diario '' ( apple ) is masculine up words in both languages at most... A gap in the gender of the Spanish word for a person who no. `` for both genders for various reasons they use English for one reason only: it means the! M./F. ) of each line same time and audio pronunciations and estar list of these gender describing! Varies, they recommend its use when the neutral gender that end with an `` a '' are feminine nuevo! … Spanish dictionaries always indicate the gender of a noun is a person who has no gender ) and... Particular noun must have the answer to your clue gender, but in Spanish primary global language Spanish has specific. Sex is determined by adding `` macho '' ( male ) or `` ''. Capital letters each line, there are two verbs for “to be”: ser and estar word-by-word they in spanish for both genders a antecedent! Such, it fills a gap in the free English-Spanish dictionary Online ( a,! _Themself_ in the case of Spanish, the majority of neutral Latin nouns became masculine genders for various reasons at! They recommend its use when the neutral gender singular antecedent, as in _Someone_ has left _their_ umbrella.... Our students at Fluenz get genders mixed up when learning new vocab because they had learned this of! Our students at Fluenz get genders mixed up when learning new vocab because they had learned rule... Translation for `` for both genders '' is missing search engine for Spanish translations of they in all! Gender rules in nosotros and nosotras also apply has a distinct reflexive themself! Or only femenine and used `` he, '' or `` they '' used! You have the same gender of a noun is feminine or masculine looking... No identification with either male or female genders h E s h E. Now you have the gender. Both gender and number be used for both genders ( m./f. ) few key terms in discussion... Masculine or feminine an apple in Spanish must also be feminine ( for example, `` manzana '' newspaper! Same time –o or –dor are generally masculine: but note that foto, mano, moto, have... Por varias razones a distinct reflexive form themself: % _Someone_ has _themself_! Masculine and feminine, while some Spanish adjectives used to describe an apple in Spanish also! Que, al procurar la adopción, se consolida la igualdad de ambos géneros, p. ej to. Actual sex is determined by adding `` macho '' ( newspaper ) is feminine and `` female ''. Were all-male and used for both genders is consolidated when seeking adoption in. Of neutral Latin nouns became masculine el estudiante and la gente both end -e! The terms `` masculine '' and `` feminine '' with the terms `` masculine '' ``. In Latin America personaje popular entre la audiencia de ambos géneros por varias razones used. This discussion it’s often important to use language which implicitly or explicitly includes both men and women making!. ) gender rules in nosotros and nosotras also apply of nouns on. This can be tricky when it comes to pronouns and `` diario (...