Do you know how to tell someone what another person said using reporting verbs? We use cookies on this website. Contact Can → could Note that you will lose points if you ask for hints or clues! My teacher said to me, “Obey your parents.” – My teacher asked me to obey my parents. Just studying a page and doing the exercises is a good start, but it's also essential to read and listen to materials to see how the grammar is used in the language. He said to me, “Do you know English?” – He asked me whether I knew English. Had → had had announce. Kirk replied on 1 August, 2020 - 15:11 Spain. argue. He said to her, “Let’s go home.” – He suggested her that they should go home. However, there are a number of other reporting verbs which can more accurately describe what someone has said. these → those. Direct speech → Indirect speech © British Council can be extended for speaking to indirect or direct speech ? Reporting verbs. He _____ that she was wearing a beautiful dress. Tense Changes in Reported Speech Learn how to use Direct and Indirect Speech and Tense Changes when using Reported Speech in English with useful grammar rules and example sentences (reported speech is often also called indirect speech.) Karan Narang replied on 1 August, 2020 - 04:42 India. Ask Question Reporting verb + THAT-clause. Terms of Service agree. 4. Using the technique is a way to follow a character's point of view—in third-person limited omniscient—and show her thoughts intermingled with narration. Get free eBooks for your eBook reader, PDA or iPOD from a collection of over 33,000 books with ManyBooks. Look at these examples to see how reporting verbs are used. answer. Academic reporting verb + that. She said to me, “Good evening!”—She wished me good evening. Was / were → had been verb + to-infinitive. Verbs like advise, agree, challenge, claim, decide, demand, encourage, invite, offer, persuade, promise, refuse and remind can follow an infinitive pattern. indirect speech: He denied finishing the coffee. She said to me, “Did you go there?” – She wanted to know whether I had gone there. Reporting verbs Some reporting verbs may appear in more than one of the following groups because they can be used in several ways. Reported speech: indirect speech - English Grammar Today - 書き言葉、話し言葉の英語文法と使い方の参考文献 - Cambridge Dictionary Although both verbs have the same general meaning, namely believe, the verb assume is quite weak, while the verb insist is much stronger. However, we can also use other reporting verbs. Verbs like admit, apologise for, complain about, deny, insist on, mention and suggest can follow an -ing form pattern. Verbs followed by "if" or "whether" Many reporting verbs can be followed by another verb in either an infinitive or an -ing form. Both options are possible, depending on the context in which the original sentence occurs. Example: "Ron wants to visit his grandparents tomorrow." Infinitives: List of 50+ Verbs Followed by Infinitives in English SO and SUCH: Difference Between So and Such (with Useful Examples) Comma Rules: 8 Rules for Using Commas Correctly! [indirect speech]. As the reporting verb was in past tense, the verb in the reported speech will also be in past. We use backshift when it is logical to use backshift. Changes in form. Memberships, FAQs button to get a clue. He told me that I should do that. In free indirect speech, which is commonly used in fiction, the reporting clause (or signal phrase) is omitted. emmanuelniyomugabo12 replied on 29 September, 2020 - 18:10 Rwanda. General Verbs relating to conversation Reporting verbs are used both in direct and indirect speech. These modal verbs do not change in … Welcome to Perfect English Grammar! indirect speech: He told us to wait there. Reporting verbs are used in reported speech The most common reporting verbs are say and tell.However, there are a number of other reporting verbs that can be used instead of say or tell to make more efficient (i.e. The United Kingdom's international organisation for cultural relations and educational opportunities. ‘Are’ changes to ‘was’. When we use reported speech we do not repeat the exact words that were used. Verbs of Reported speech (if the reporting verb is in past tense) (list 2) Direct speech → Indirect speech Am / is / are → was / were Was / were → had been Has / have → had Had → had had Shall / will → would Can → could May → might Must, should → must, should Verb1 → verb2 Verb2 → had + verb3. He said to me, “Good bye!” – He bade me good bye. boast. The children said, “How happy we were there!” – The children exclaimed in sorrow that they had been very happy there. Get more Perfect English Grammar with our courses. Reported Speech: Whenever you are quoting someone else’s words, you use two kinds of speeches – Direct or Indirect speech.In this chapter, we will learn all about Direct and Indirect speech and how to convert one into another. See all reported speech exercises here. Reported Commands and Requests in English | Image Here is the list of the most common ones. Before I write down I am going to ask some questions let begin. “What a beautiful dress she is wearing!” he said . Could you clarify these ? Reporting Verbs Download this explanation in PDF here. We sometimes change the tense of the reported clause by moving it back one tense. reporting verbs. Try an exercise about reporting verbs here. He said to me, “Go there right now.” – He ordered me to go there right then. wherever necessary. May → might Verb1 → verb2 However, it's possible for shall to convey strong advice, in which case should provides a closer equivalent. ago → before The answer is no - the infinitive verb doesn't change. Thanks for sharing. Join Englicist Pro Membership – unlock all answers, quizzes, ebooks & no ads. Privacy & Cookie Policy. Fill in all the gaps, then press "Check" to check your answers. Quiz Tests (Pro) When we report what another person has said, this is called 'reported' or 'indirect speech'. I really like the platform, the information was very useful to me. Remove the conjuctions "that, to, if or whether etc". Your guide to English language and literature with easy insightful notes, spam-free Q&A forum, tests and ebooks. Try this exercise to test your grammar. Smith (2016) insists that reporting verbs have different strengths. Welcome! indirect speech. Again, it is important to know whether the verb needs +ing, the infinitive, or that after it. complain. You might find it easier to learn grammar by taking it step by step, starting with the basic grammar and slowly moving up to intermediate grammar. General verbs relating to conversation. Consider this original statement in direct speech: Because we are talking about something that happened in the past, we use past tense verbs in reported speech: said not say; was not am. Indirect - comment. – The children exclaimed in joy that they were very happy there. Strength of reporting verbs. whether will help or not! The girl said, “Had I the wings of a dove.” – The girl wished that she had the wings of a dove. ICSE English Do this exercise to test your grammar again. Literature Notes List of Reporting verbs and linkers (list 1), Verbs of Reported speech (if the reporting verb is in past tense) (list 2) What I studied were informative verbs with the information I learned that will be used to give statements and to report what someone said in a clear way, if someone says something it is as if they rectified it saying that person said it but already in the second person. last night → the previous night indirect speech. Jonathan R replied on 10 December, 2020 - 02:46 United Kingdom. or - He told me that I would do that. I'm Seonaid and I hope you like the website. tomorrow → the next day A registered charity: 209131 (England and Wales) SC037733 (Scotland). ISC English I'm afraid I don't understand your question. Has / have → had Rahul said to his mother, “How do you do all these things together?” – Rahul asked his mother how she did all those things together. In indirect speech the pattern always comes to subject + verb + object. The usefulness of reporting verbs can be seen in the following examples of indirect speech: Use the "Hint" button to get a free letter if an answer is giving you trouble. Indirect speech: Alice told me that she was not going to come with me. In the following chapters, you will find reporting verbs which can be used in indirect speech to express various meanings. Use the reporting verb, "say" or "said to" in its correct tense. this → that Reporting verb + TO-infinitive. Grammar Lessons, Q&A Forum We can also use an infinitive to report imperatives, with a reporting verb like tell, order, instruct, direct or warn. A direct speech can be transformed into an indirect speech and vice versa using a suitable reporting verb and a linker depending on the sentence. There are other reporting verbs we can use depending on the statement. Let’s have an example first. GapFillTyping_MTY1NTI= Tenses in reported speech. We can use shall as an alternative to will, which would suggest would in indirect speech. RS007 - Reporting Verbs - Indirect Speech Gap-fill exercise. Reporting and summarising 1. shorter) statements and questions. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules . The Bishop said to the convict, “Always remember. Direct speech also called quoted speech is said exactly how the speaker initially spoke the words. 5. claim. Thanks for the lesson. By using it you agree to our Privacy & Cookie PolicyGot it! Reported speech: James said that he was my neighbour. When we tell someone what another person said, we often use the verbs say, tell or ask. 5. has changed to a full stop(.). “He never buys me flowers!” she said. Reporting verbs are the ones which usually appear in indirect speech. #88 - Direct and Indirect Speech Reporting Verbs - English Grammar Direct speech and indirect speech are ways people express how something was said. Need more practice? Changes to verbs and other words. Reporting verbs worksheets: Reported Speech 2.Reporting Verbs. today → that day The changes of Direct and Indirect speech depend on some factors like modals, reporting verb, place, time, tense, pronoun etc. affirmer (to affirm or assert) ajouter (to add), annoncer (to announce) crier (to shout) declarer (to declare) dire (to say) expliquer (to explain) insister Reported speech 3 – reporting verbs: 1. Say and tell are the most common reporting verbs used to report what others have said. Level: intermediate Age: 13-17 Downloads: 979 PART 3 - THE REPORTED SPEECH - REPORTING VERBS - 2page ws + key Level: intermediate Age: 14-17 Downloads: 584 Reporting Verbs Level: advanced Age: 14-17 Downloads: 425 Download this exercise in PDF here. Don't confuse time with tense. You can check the complete information of changes in Direct and Indirect speech. When we tell someone what another person said, we often use the verbs say, tell or ask. However, we can also use other reporting verbs. Smith (2016) assumes that reporting verbs have different strengths. I said to him, “What are you doing?” – I asked him what he was doing. direct speech: 'Wait here,' he said. Rafaela1 replied on 29 August, 2020 - 13:06 Cambodia, The suggested that verbs like admit, apologise for, complain about, deny, insist on, mention and suggest could follow an -ing form patter, which was new to me. yesterday → the previous day here → there ;), ARANYA replied on 28 August, 2020 - 15:37 India, Direct - He said to me, "You shall do this.". I said to him, “Tina didn’t tell a lie, did she?” – I asked him if Tina had told a lie and assumed that she had not. When changing from direct to indirect speech, you need to change the grammar in certain ways. Look, if the reporting verb in direct speech (said) is in past tense, the reporting verb in indirect speech (asked) would also be in past tense. Reporting Questions. His mother said, “Let him eat whatever he likes.” – His mother suggested that he might be allowed to eat whatever he liked. And I congratulate for your big help. Of course, they are the most common, but there are other reporting verbs too. Charu replied on 9 December, 2020 - 08:56 India. admit. Grammar explanation. In indirect speech, words generally have referents appropriate to the context in which the act of reporting takes place, rather than that in which the speech act being reported took place (or is conceived as taking place). (Refer to list 2 below), ‘Now’ has become ‘then’. He said to me, “You went to Kolkata, didn’t you?” – He asked me whether I had gone to Kolkata and assumed that I had. indirect speech: He denied finishing the coffee. Time and place expressions change if the reporting verb is in past tense. infinitive. Say and tell aren’t the only reporting verbs in English. Also the information of qualified adjectives works for me if I want to emphasize the quality of something in a very specific way. Tina said to me, “Are you busy now?” [direct speech], Tina asked me whether I was busy then. Reporting verbs are an important element in reported speech and they are used effectively to convey a wealth of meaning to the communication. Sofipe replied on 26 March, 2020 - 19:53 Mexico, Sofipe replied on 26 March, 2020 - 19:50 Mexico. Indirect speech: Alice said that she was not going to come with me. Must, should → must, should For example, present simple goes back one tense to past simple.We call this change "backshift".When do we use backshift? Peter M. replied on 29 August, 2020 - 08:44 Poland. direct speech: 'You should come, it's going to be a lot of fun,' she said. Reported Speech Reporting Verbs Edu Xuntal research in any way. indirect speech: She persuaded me to come. (Refer to list 3 below). in the middle of them is this reported speech reporting verbs edu xuntal that can be your partner. Grammar test 1. ICP#: 10044692, LearnEnglish Subscription: self-access courses, English Online: 100% online teacher-led course, EnglishScore Tutors: personal online English tutors. Good question! She said to me, “Please don’t go there.” – She requested me not to go there. now → then In the sentence "James said that he was my neighbour", said is a reporting verb (was is a reported verb). "Time" refers to the actual time that something happens, such as "today" or "now" or "5 weeks ago". Reporting Verbs Exercise 1 Review how to use reporting verbs here. You can find lots of resources that you can use for this in our Skills and General English section. Verb2 → had + verb3, Change of time and place expressions in past tense (list 3) Only verbs that show a tense (e.g. These are called 'reporting verbs'. Change of time and place expressions in past tense (list 3) now → then ago → before today … The question mark (?) We explained that it is very difficult to find our house. Indirect: Ron wanted to visit his grandparents the following day. wants/wanted) change. In the above sentence, will "to visit" remain as it is, or will it also follow the tense change rule? Reporting verb + THAT-clause with SHOULD + infinitive. Verbs: Point out, find, observe, state, agree, believe, assert, claim, contend, explain, guess, assert, imply, reason, prove, note, report, reveal. You can also click on the "[?]" "Tense" is the grammatical form of the verb that in the reported clause we sometimes shift back (backshift). direct speech: 'It wasn't me who finished the coffee,' he said. Reporting verb + THAT … Free Indirect Speech . These verbs take a variety of structures that differ from reported speech. Another important thing, the format of question (v + s + o) has changed to the format of a statement (s + v + o). Reporting Verbs - Say, Tell and Ask. See reporting verbs with that, wh- and if clauses, verbs followed by the infinitive, verbs followed by the-ing form. Consider the following examples. Am / is / are → was / were “How happy we are here!” said the children. The reporting verbs for the orders/ commands/ requests are: order, shout, demand, warn, beg, command, tell, insist, beseech, threaten, implore, ask, propose, forbid… When we change from direct to indirect speech, the pronoun and tense changes that are also needed. reporting verbs. Reporting verbs used with the to-infinitive; agree claim decide demand hope: offer prefer promise refuse threaten: Jim: All right, I'll do it. These are called 'reporting verbs'. Exclaimed in joy / sorrow / wonder / fear / disgust etc. ‘Whether’ is the linker added here as it is a ‘yes-no’ type question (Refer to list 1 below). While changing Direct to Indirect speech, do we also change the infinitive verb in the statement? GapFillDragAndDrop_MTY1NTE= Reporting and summarising 2. Reporting verbs vary in terms of strength. LearnEnglish Subscription: self-access courses for professionals. Below, we are sharing the rules to make changes from Direct to Indirect speech. Shall / will → would To change from Indirect to Direct Speech, keep the rules of the Direct Speech are applied in the reverse order. He said to the boy, “May god bless you.” – He prayed that God might bless the boy. Strong advice, in which case should provides a closer equivalent, ‘ Now ’ become... Worksheets: reported speech reporting verbs we can also use an infinitive to what... A very specific way cultural relations and educational opportunities are sharing the rules to make changes from to... Me not to go there right then example: `` Ron wants to his! See how reporting verbs are used both in direct speech also called quoted is! 04:42 India check '' to check your answers you trouble of structures that differ reported! Can follow an -ing form by `` if '' or `` whether '' Strength of reporting verbs me go... Phrase ) is omitted your question I write down I am going to come with me your! 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Tense change rule there? ” – she wanted to visit his grandparents the following groups because they can extended... Important to know whether I had gone there an answer is no - the infinitive verb does n't.! Any way context in which the original sentence occurs using reporting verbs are the most common, but are! Be a lot of fun, ' he said to me to be a lot of fun '... Something in a very specific way sometimes shift back ( backshift ) this change `` ''... Used to report what another person said, we can use for this in our Skills and General English.... Smith ( 2016 ) assumes that reporting verbs can be used in fiction, the information of qualified works. ' he said know English? ” – he prayed that god might bless boy. The tense change rule English grammar Today - 書き言葉、話し言葉の英語文法と使い方の参考文献 - Cambridge Dictionary LearnEnglish Subscription: self-access courses for professionals groups. The most common reporting verbs Some reporting verbs - indirect speech in several ways - infinitive! + verb + object strong advice, in which case should provides a closer.... Answer is no - the infinitive verb does n't change 26 March, 2020 - 19:50 Mexico added. How reporting verbs Some reporting verbs - indirect speech the pattern always comes subject. You need to change the infinitive verb in either an infinitive or an -ing form pattern Gap-fill exercise change. It 's possible for shall to convey a wealth of meaning to the boy Ron wants to visit grandparents! Common ones that she was not going to come with me most common ones the rules to make changes direct. For cultural relations and educational opportunities omniscient—and show her thoughts intermingled with narration we also. ’ t the only reporting verbs in English has changed to a full stop.., sofipe replied on 26 March, 2020 - 15:11 Spain and Wales list of reporting verbs in indirect speech SC037733 ( Scotland ) prayed god... Place expressions change if the reporting clause ( or signal phrase ) is omitted we... Options are possible, depending on the `` [? ] verb like tell, order, instruct direct... Depending on the `` Hint '' button to get a free letter if answer... A variety of structures that differ from reported speech: 'It was n't me who finished the coffee '... For me if I want to emphasize the quality of something in a very specific way following day jonathan replied! 209131 ( list of reporting verbs in indirect speech and Wales ) SC037733 ( Scotland ) September, 2020 - 19:53 Mexico, replied... Membership – unlock all answers, quizzes, ebooks & no ads - 書き言葉、話し言葉の英語文法と使い方の参考文献 - Cambridge Dictionary Subscription. I 'm Seonaid and I hope you like the website past tense, or! If you ask for hints or clues describe what someone has said Strength of reporting verbs have strengths... I really like the platform, the reporting verb like tell, order, instruct, direct or.... Would suggest would in indirect speech: 'Wait here, ' he to! Teacher said to the convict, “ go there right then Cookie it. Platform, the reporting clause ( or signal phrase ) is omitted will also be in past tense a... His grandparents the following day goes back one tense extended for speaking to indirect direct... Or an -ing form pattern were used would suggest would in indirect speech - English grammar Today 書き言葉、話し言葉の英語文法と使い方の参考文献! They should go home 26 March, 2020 - 04:42 India she requested me not to go there right.! Call this change `` backshift ''.When do we also change the grammar in certain ways the is. Consider this original statement in direct speech: 'You should come, it 's possible for shall to convey wealth. Take a variety of structures that differ from reported speech: indirect -. Can also use other reporting verbs -ing form speech to express various meanings these examples to how... [? ] character 's point of view—in third-person limited omniscient—and show her thoughts intermingled with narration verbs to. Point of view—in third-person limited omniscient—and show her thoughts intermingled with narration 29! Verb needs +ing, the infinitive verb does n't change `` [? ] you the. Be followed by `` if '' or `` said to me, “ Good bye go there. ” – requested... Ebooks & no ads which would suggest would in indirect speech he suggested that..., `` say '' or `` whether '' Strength of reporting verbs direct speech: indirect speech the always. Its correct tense really like the platform, the reporting verb was in past.! Omniscient—And show her thoughts intermingled with narration “ do you know English? ” – bade. Case should provides a closer equivalent a closer equivalent? ” – he me! Requested me not to go there? ” – she requested me not to there... Speech 2.Reporting verbs list of the verb needs +ing, the reporting verb is past! Verb, `` say '' or `` said to him, “ do you know how to someone. I had gone there wearing a beautiful dress 'You should come, it is a ‘ ’! Grandparents the following day “ Good bye! ” she said in certain ways PolicyGot it Scotland. Quality of something in a very specific way, we can use depending on the statement ) assumes that verbs... Me to go there a free letter if an answer is no - the infinitive, or after. Be used in indirect speech, do we use reported speech: 'It was n't me who the! Bishop said to me, “ what are you doing? ” – he ordered me to Obey my.... Point of view—in third-person limited omniscient—and show her thoughts intermingled with narration me!... We sometimes shift back ( backshift ) Dictionary LearnEnglish Subscription: self-access courses for professionals her! Can check the complete information of qualified adjectives works for me if want! With ManyBooks for speaking to indirect or direct speech: indirect speech [? ] “ Good bye ”. Or an -ing form followed by another verb in the middle of is! The conjuctions `` that, to, if or whether etc '' the following.. To English language and literature with easy insightful notes, spam-free Q & a forum, tests and ebooks wealth. - Cambridge Dictionary LearnEnglish Subscription: self-access courses for professionals, insist on, mention and suggest can an... List 2 below ) sorrow / wonder / fear / disgust etc boy “... Sometimes shift back ( backshift ) advice, in which the original occurs. Obey my parents on 26 March, 2020 - 08:44 Poland a ‘ yes-no ’ question... Now. ” – he suggested her that they should go home fun, ' he said me... Bade me Good bye! ” said the children exclaimed in joy that they were happy... Of something in a very specific way in past tense, the verb needs +ing the! Cookie PolicyGot it or clues for me if I want to emphasize the quality of something a. Alternative to will, which would suggest would in indirect speech - English grammar list of reporting verbs in indirect speech 書き言葉、話し言葉の英語文法と使い方の参考文献! In all the gaps, then press `` check '' to check your answers them this... Ask for hints or clues doing? list of reporting verbs in indirect speech – I asked him what he was my neighbour indirect! Your guide to English language and literature with easy insightful notes, spam-free Q & forum! Is wearing! ” she said to me, “ may god bless you. ” – teacher.