The 2010 winter was unusually warm, with little ice forming in the Gulf of St. Lawrence in February and March, when harp seals give birth to their pups on ice floes. [120], Prior to the arrival of European settlers, a much larger population of harp seals migrated to the waters off Newfoundland and Labrador. Cod fishing has traditionally been a key part of the Atlantic fishery, and an important part of the economy of Newfoundland and Labrador. Archeological evidence indicates the Native Americans and First Nations People in Canada have been hunting seals for at least 4,000 years. [83], Hunting is done from July to November[83] on two places, Cape Cross and Atlas Bay, and in the past at Wolf Bay. [20], On 1 September 1788, the 270 ton ship Emilia, owned by Samuel Enderby & Sons and commanded by Captain James Shields, departed London. [90] In 2007, the Norwegian Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs stated up to 13.5 million Norwegian krone (about US$2.6 million) would be given in funding to vessels in the 2007 Norwegian seal hunt. [141] Because of the impact of protest, profits surrounding the Inuit hunting of ringed seal fall with any ban on any type of seal product, regardless of exemption. Likewise, they have to pass a hakapik test. [4] The most common and widespread method involves using a small boat to slowly approach a seal sitting on ice or swimming at the surface of the water, and shoot it from a distance, aiming for the head.   |  Terms Elephant seal The elephant seal is the biggest seal … ,   Hindi हिन्दी The killing and bleeding must be done on the ice, and live animals may never be brought on board the ship. Fisheries and Oceans Canada responded there is no connection between the annual seal harvest and the cod fishery, and that the seal hunt is "established on sound conservation principles.   |  Blog "[49] They thus concluded, "This small proportion of animals that are not killed efficiently justifies continued attention to this industry's activities, preferably by members of the veterinary profession, who are best equipped to assess the humaneness of the killing methods. Young seals may be killed using just the hakapik, but only in the aforementioned manner, i.e., they need not be shot. In 2007, Canada's federal fisheries ministry reported that while the pups are born on the ice as usual, the ice floes have started to break up before the pups learn to swim, causing the pups to drown. At the time of her arrival in St. John's, there were 300 vessels outfitted each season to hunt seals, but most were small schooners or old sailing barques. [113] CG Rieber Skinn AS, in 2007, established a daughter company in Arkhangelsk, called GC Rieber Skinn Pomor'e Lic. ,   Konkani कोंकणी Seal Hunt Hundreds of thousands of seals are killed each year for their pelts, meat, oil (sold as a health supplement) and penises (used to make aphrodisiacs in Asian markets). In March 2006, Brigitte Bardot traveled to Ottawa to protest the hunt, though the prime minister turned down her request for a meeting. Pelts account for over half the processed value of a seal, selling at over C$100 each as of 2006. The northern fur seal is the smallest species, unique for its dense coat of fur that keeps the … [36][37] Annual catches exceeded the 400,000 mark from the 1870s and smaller sealers were steadily pushed out of the market. [citation needed]. the first sealing boom; it sparked the Sealers' War (1810– ) in southern New Zealand. The hakapik shall be used to ensure the animal is dead. ,   Santali The sealers pursued their trade in a most unsustainable manner, promptly reducing the fur seal population to near extermination. In only 6% of these cases, seals were bled immediately, where struck. [19], From the early 18th century English hunters began to range further afield – 1723 marked the first time that hunters armed with firearms ventured forth in boats to increase their haul. Once within shooting range, the seal is shot. For example, in 1963, prices for high-quality pelts of ringed seals could reach above $20.00 each; these same pelts in 1967, the year of the first major protests, would only sell for $2.50 each, which impacted Inuit in many areas. ,   Punjabi ਪੰਜਾਬੀ In 2001, two percent of Canada's raw seal oil was processed and sold in Canadian health stores. .. learn more, Home [24]:10–11 Captain William Raven of the Britannia stationed a party at Dusky from 1792 to 1793, but the discovery in 1798-1799 of Bass Strait, between mainland Australia and Van Diemen's Land (present-day Tasmania) saw the sealers' focus shift there in 1798, when a gang including Daniel Cooper landed from the Nautilus on Cape Barren Island.[25]. The Government of Canada permits the hunting of harp seals. [128] Respect for Animals and Humane Society International believe the hunt will be ended only by the financial pressure of a boycott of Canadian seafood. [48], An older and more traditional method of killing seals is with a hakapik: a heavy wooden club with a hammer head and metal hook on the end. Also, the Government of Namibia offered the International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW) an opportunity to buy out the two sealers in Namibia to finally end the culling. [57] Rieber had the majority of all distribution of raw seal oil in the world market, but there was no demand for seal oil. Kill rates averaged 451,000 in the 1830s, and rose to 546,000 annually during the first half of the next decade, which led to a marked decline in the harp seal population that in turn adversely impacted profits in the sealing industry.[35]. Contextual translation of "animals names ame" into Kannada. Beginning in about 1886, it became the practice of certain British and Canadian vessels to intercept passing seals in the open ocean (over three miles from any shore) and shoot them in the water (pelagic sealing).   |  Radio, © KHANDBAHALE.COM ,   Sindhi سنڌي Young seals and mothers with young are fully protected. Spring 1978, The Canadian Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Norwegian Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs, Royal Commission on Seals and the Sealing Industry in Canada, International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, "Frequently Asked Questions About Canada's Seal Harvest". ,   Urdu اُردُو‎ [75] For 2004, only Taiwan and South Korea purchased seal meat from Canada. Letter from Commander Thomas Melvill to Chas. Sealing reached its peak in Newfoundland in the 1860s, with the introduction of more powerful and reliable steamships that were capable of much larger range and storing capacity. / a fish-eating animal that can also live on land. How to Say Seal in Kannada. [64] Canada reduced the 2007 quota by 20%, because overflights showed large numbers of seal pups were lost to thin and melting ice. Only a small portion is from the Norwegian hunt. The Harp-seal Controversy and the Inuit Economy. "[11][12] The title of Ejesiak's article acknowledged the pivotal 1991 publication entitled Animal Rights, Human Rights by George Wenzel, a McGill University geographer and anthropologist who worked more than two decades with the Clyde Inuit of Baffin Island. [84], Cape Cross is a tourism resort and the largest Cape fur seal colony in Namibia. Harp seal populations in the northwest Atlantic declined to approximately 2 million in the late 1960s as a result of Canada's annual kill rates, which averaged to over 291,000 from 1952 to 1970. [19], It was in the South Seas that sealing became a major enterprise from the late 18th century. [59] While Inuit hunt seals commercially year-round, most sealing in southern Canada occurs in late March in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, and during the first or second week of April off Newfoundland, in an area known as the Front. [139] Canadian seal hunting issues had been spotlighted in the months leading up to the 2010 Winter Olympics which were held in Vancouver. [4], Hunting is done with a rifle or shotgun, which by law has to be at least a .22 caliber or a 20-gauge, respectively. Of course, the presence of an observer also has the potential to modify other sealing practices, including checking for a corneal reflex and bleeding animals immediately after clubbing. Sealing opponents also say $16.5 million is insignificant, compared to the funding required to regulate and subsidize the hunt. Within Canada, public opinion is relative to Canadians' geographic proximity to communities with a historical tradition of participating in the seal hunt, and opposition is higher in urban centres outside of Newfoundland and Labrador. This veterinary study included examination of video footage of 179 seals hunted in 1998, 1999, and 2000. [102], In Norway in 2004, only Rieber worked with sealskin and seal oil. Between 1793 and 1799 there was an average of sixty vessels in the trade. Carino Limited is one of Newfoundland's largest seal pelt producers. [citation needed][16][17], The first commercial hunting of seals by Europeans, is said to have occurred in 1515, when a cargo of fur seal skins from Uruguay was sent to Spain for sale in the markets of Seville. Cookies help us deliver our services. The Inuktitut vocabulary designates specific objects made from seal bone, sinew, fat and fur used as tools, games, thread, cords, fuel, clothing, boats, and tents. [14] Ringed seals were once the main staple for food, and have been used for clothing, boots, fuel for lamps, as delicacy, containers, igloo windows, and in harnesses for huskies. The Department of Tourism has stated[88] that "Cape Cross Seal Reserve was established to protect the largest breeding colony of Cape fur seals in the world". There are two types of seals: the earless, or true, seals (family Phocidae); and the eared seals (family Otariidae), which comprise the sea lions and fur seals. We hope this will help you to understand Kannada better. Moose are herbivores and eat almost … They limited pelagic sealing as to time, place, and manner by fixing a zone of 60 miles around the Pribilof Islands within which the seals were not to be molested at any time, and from May 1 to July 31 each year they were not to be pursued anywhere in Bering Sea. [103], Seals in the water and seals with young may not be killed, and the use of traps, artificial lighting, airplanes, or helicopters is forbidden. In 1996, the kill rates again increased to over 200,000 each year, except in the year 2000. ,   Marathi मराठी "Current Status of Northwest Atlantic Harp Seals, "Myths and Facts: The Truth about Canada's Commercial Seal Hunt", "Activists Decry Growth Of Canadian Seal Hunt", "harp seal (mammal): The sealing industry", "Nutritional composition of blubber and meat of hooded seal and harp seal", http://pubs.aina.ucalgary.ca/arctic/Arctic31-1-2.pdf, "Animal Rights, Human Rights: Ecology, Economy and Ideology in the Canadian Arctic, by George Wenzel", "Eskimo Art, Inuit Art, Canadian Native Artwork, Canadian Aboriginal Artwork", The Quarterly Review, Volume 63, London:John Murray, 1839, page 321, "The Sailing Seal Fishery: Newfoundland and Labrador Heritage", "Atlantic Canada Seal Hunt – Sealing through the years", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, "Animal Welfare aspects of the killing and skinning of seals – Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Animal Health and Welfare", http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/fm-gp/seal-phoque/facts-faits/facts-faitsb-eng.htm, "Animal welfare and the harp seal hunt in Atlantic Canada", Wikinews:Newfoundland government launches seal hunt website, "Seal hunt might be on ice due to lack of it", "Warming Thins Herd for Canada's Seal Hunt", "Heavy ice keeps dozens of vessels from seal hunt", "Canadian seal hunters could remain trapped by ice for a week: coast guard", "Canada's seal hunt to close early after low harvest", "Despite Few Hunters, Seal Pups Face Threats", "Improvements to Seal Hunt Management Measures", "EU politicians push to ban Canadian seal product imports", "MEPs adopt strict conditions for the placing on the market of seal products in the European Union", "Puisip amii tunisat ikileriangaatsiarput", "Time for Namibia to see the tourism value of seals", "Seal culling season sparks new protests", "Million-dollar bid to end seal clubbing", "Seal activists ready to prevent 2010 culling", "Strategier og tiltak for Ã¥ utvikle lønnsomheten i norsk selnæring", "Forskrift om regulering av fangst av sel i Vesterisen og østisen i 2004", "Norwegian Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs", "Forskrift om endring av forskrift om regulering av fangst av sel i Vesterisen og Østisen i 2006", "Selfangst – statsfinansiert dyrplageri", "Forskrift om utøvelse av selfangst i Vesterisen og Østisen", "For 1996-05-06 nr 414: Forskrift om forvaltning av sel pÃ¥ norskekysten", "St.meld. [52], Fortuna Oils AS (established in 2004) is a 100% owned subsidiary of GC Rieber. More fur seals from the island were taken in 1786 by the English sealing vessel Lord Hawkesbury, and by 1791, 102 vessels, manned by 3000 sealers, were hunting seals south of the equator. ,   Telugu తెలుగు [60] In 2004, the population estimate was similar: 5.9 million (95% CI 4.6 million to 7.2 million). [105] In 2001, the biggest producer of raw seal oil was Canada (two percent of the raw oil was processed and sold in Canadian health stores). Although Inuit harvest and hunt many species that inhabit the desert tundra and ice platforms, the seal is their mainstay. However, the treaty set precedent for future national and international laws and treaties, including the Fur Seal Act of 1966 and the Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972. Large and expensive ships required major capital investments from British and Newfoundland firms, and shifted the industry from merchants in small outports to companies based in St. John's, Newfoundland. Animal welfare advocates and organizations, such as PETA, object to the use of real fur when many synthetic "faux fur" alternatives are available. Those who are moved by the plight of the harp seal could also be moved by the plight of the pig – the way they are slaughtered is horrible. [85] These two colonies together account for 75% of the Cape fur seal population of the country. Harp seals are the victims of the largest slaughter of marine mammals in the world: the Canadian seal hunt. By Acts of Congress, the killing of seals was strictly regulated on the Pribiloff islands and in "the waters adjacent thereto". There are also words referring to seasons, topography, place names, legends, and kinship relationships based on the seal. [58], In Canada, the season for the commercial hunt of harp seal is from November 15 to May 15. In these videos, 96 seals were shot, 56 were shot and then clubbed or gaffed, 19 were clubbed or gaffed, and 8 were killed by unknown means. [40] The new sealing ships represented by Bear radically transformed the Eastern North Atlantic seal fishery as they replaced the hundreds of smaller sealing vessels owned by merchants in outports around Newfoundland with large and expensive steamships owned by large British and Newfoundland companies based in St. It was the first international treaty to address wildlife preservation issues. An additional 10,000 animals were allocated for hunting by aboriginal peoples. [118] In this critique, David M. Lavigne, Science Advisor to IFAW, writes, "The Burdon et al. Of this, C$5.4 million went to the EU. The campaign was carried out from one hunt boat supplied by GS Rieber Skinn AS in 2007, lasted two weeks, and brought in 40 000 roubles per Russian hunter. The sealing industry extended further south to the South Georgia island, first mapped by Captain James Cook in HMS Resolution on 17 January 1775.   |  About "[126], Internationally, opposition to the seal hunt is comparable to abhorrence about the treatment of animals in other cultural-economic practices such as bull fighting, fox hunts and whaling. GS Rieber skinn AS declared a plan to order 20 boats and donate them to the Pomor. seal translation in English-Kannada dictionary. Canada sold pelts to eleven countries in 2004. [57] From 1995 to 2005, Rieber annually received between 2 and 3 million Norwegian krone in subsidy. According to a 2002 peer-reviewed study done by five Canadian veterinarians and funded by the Canadian Veterinary Medical Association (CVMA),[61] "the large majority of seals taken during this hunt (at best, 98% in work reported here) are killed in an acceptably humane manner." [1] The actual kills in recent years have been less than the quotas: 82,800 in 2007; 217,800 in 2008; 72,400 in 2009; and 67,000 in 2010. However, some individuals develop to reach a maximum weight of 660 pounds. [7] The hunt remains highly controversial, attracting significant media coverage and protests each year. The average time from initial strike to bleeding was 66 seconds. Various seal species were also hunted in northwest Europe and the Baltic Sea at least 8,000 years ago.   |  Privacy [63], Warm winters in the Gulf of Saint Lawrence have led to thinner and more unstable ice there. In 2011, South African activists launched a boycott of Namibian tourism and Namibian products[89] in response to the cull. ,   Kashmiri कॉशुर The male Southern elephant seal can grow to the size of a small truck weighing over 7000 pounds and measuring over 16 feet long. The Inuit diet is rich in fish, whale, and seal. [21], By 1784, the British had fifteen ships in the southern fishery, all from London. Need to translate "Seal the animal" to Kannada? One region of Canada's north is inhabited by the Netsilingmiut, or "people of the seal. The first commercial visit to the South Sandwich Islands was made in 1816 by another English ship, the Ann. English Transliteration Kannada Animal prANi ಪ್ರಾಣಿ Domestic Animal sAku prANi ಸಾಕು ಪ್ರಾಣಿ Wild Animal kADu prANi ಕಾಡು ಪ್ರಾಣಿ Elephant Ane [114], On 18 March 2009, Russia's Minister of Natural Resources and Ecology, Yuriy Trutnev, announced a complete ban on the hunting of harp seals younger than one year of age in the White Sea.[115]. After the European Union's ban on whitecoat pelt imports, the Canadian government and sealing industry developed markets for the pelts of beaters. Seal hunting, or sealing, is the personal or commercial hunting of seals. [9] [83], In 2009, an unusual bid to end seal culling in Namibia was attempted when Seal Alert tried to raise money to purchase the only buyer of Namibian seals, Australian-based Hatem Yavuz, lock, stock, and barrel for US$14.2 million. If you have any suggestions or feedback to make these tutorials better, we will love … Kannada Names of Animals Read More » [86] Namibia's SPCA is allowed to observe the culling from 2010 onwards. [4] This has caused some conflicts with other seal-hunting nations, as Greenland also was hit by the boycotts that often were aimed at seals (often young) killed by clubbing or similar methods, which have not been in use in Greenland. [51] According to Paul Christian Rieber, of GC Rieber AS, the difficult ice conditions and low quotas in 2006 resulted in less access to seal pelts, which caused the commodity price to be pushed up. The leopard seal's size falls between 7.9 to 11.5 feet and 440 to 1,310 lbs for its weight. If you would like to know the Kannada name of any other animal, you can contact us or leave your comment. [78] The hunter has to have a hunting license and he/she is obliged to register all kills with the authorities. The hunt was mainly for the procurement of seal meat as a form of sustenance for the settlements in the area, rather than for commercial gain. nr. In 1971, the Canadian government responded by instituting a quota system. Initially, the method used was to ensnare the migrating seals in nets anchored to shore installations, known as the 'landsman seal fishery'. A 2007 population survey conducted by the DFO estimated the population at 5.5 million. Signed on July 7, 1911 by the United States, Great Britain, Japan, and Russia, the treaty was designed to manage the commercial harvest of fur bearing mammals. John's. [55] Meat is sold to the Asian pet food market; in 2004, only Taiwan and South Korea purchased seal meat from Canada. [9] In 1867 the United States government purchased from Russia all her territorial rights in Alaska and the adjacent islands, including the Pribilof Islands, the principal breeding-grounds of the seals in those seas. 's report represents the number of seals clubbed or shot that were brought on board sealing vessels while still conscious. [41] Owned at first by the Scottish firm W. Grieve and Sons, she was acquired in 1880 by R. Steele Junior. In season, the resort is closed and sealed off during the culling in the early morning hours, journalists are not allowed to enter. Emilia returned to London on 12 March 1790 with a cargo of 139 tons of sperm oil. For 1995 and 1996, there are confirmed reports Fisheries and Oceans Canada encouraged maximum utilization of harvested seals through a $0.20 per pound meat subsidy. [78] The meat is usually consumed locally and the skin is also used for local clothes (for example, Greenland's National Costume contains seal skin, including in the kamiks) or sold abroad. breaking the language barrier [85][86] The latest[update] quota announced was in 2009, valid until 2011. This page also provides synonyms and grammar usage of seal in kannada Kannada definition, a Dravidian language spoken mainly in the state of Karnataka, in southwest India. [59] Some critics, such as the McCartneys (see below), have suggested promoting that area as an ecotourism site would be far more lucrative than the annual harvest. [2] In 2007, Norway claimed that 29,000 harp seals were killed, Russia claimed that 5,479 seals were killed and Greenland claimed that 90,000 seals were killed in their respective seal hunts. [109], The Russian seal hunt has not been well monitored since the breakup of the Soviet Union. Seals are killed mainly for their pelts, which are sold primarily in Europe and Asia and are illegal in the U.S.. [18], Newfoundland and Labrador and the Gulf of St. Lawrence were the first regions to experience large scale sealing. Carino (CAnada–RIeber–NOrway) is marketing its seal pelts mainly through its parent company, GC Rieber Skinn, Bergen, Norway. The ship went west around Cape Horn into the Pacific Ocean to become the first ship of any nation to conduct operations in the Southern Ocean. These veterinarians found, "During the 2001 season in the Gulf, three (1.9%) of 158 seals brought on board of the sealing vessels and directly observed by Daoust had not been killed, and in one (0.86%) of 116 interactions between seals and sealers observed on videotapes by Daoust and Crook, the seal also did not appear to have been killed before being hooked and brought on board." 's direct observations were made under very different conditions than those provided by Burdon et al. Unlike Burdon et al. News; Canada; The hunt Canada loves: Why seal clubbing will never die. [59] In 2006, 325,000 harp seals, as well as 10,000 hooded seals and 10,400 grey seals were killed. Only one local pelt buyer, NuTan Furs, offered to purchase pelts; and it committed to purchase less than 15,000 pelts. In 25% of the remaining cases, the carcasses had minimal to moderate skull fractures, indicative of a "decreased level of consciousness", but probably not unconsciousness. Fur seals are exclusively found in the northern hemisphere. This peak spring period is often mistakenly referred to as the "Canadian Seal Hunt", when in fact seal hunting also happens throughout the year all over the Canadian Arctic. [138] Canadian Inuit from the territory of Nunavut have opposed the ban and lobbied European Parliament members against it. In science, they are grouped together in the Pinnipeds, which also includes the walrus, not popularly thought of as a seal, and not considered here. If you are sure about correct spellings of term animal name then it seems term animal name is unavailable at this time in Kannada | ಕನ್ನಡ dictionary database. Also, they state, according to official DFO kill reports, 97% percent of the estimated million harp seals killed in the last four years have been under three months old, and the majority of these are less than one month old. Migratory fishermen began the hunting from as early as the 1500s. Around the Gulf, harp seals arrived in late winter to give birth on near-shore ice and even on beaches rather than on their usual whelping grounds: sturdy sea ice. [135], In 2009, the European Union passed a law banning the promotion of imported seal products. By 1790 this port alone had sixty vessels employed in the trade. Once shot and killed, the boat rushes up to the seal and hooks the carcass out of the water before it sinks. Plummers of London and the Whitneys of New York also became involved.[24][32][33][34]. [56] The seal blubber is used to make seal oil, which is marketed as a fish oil supplement. This marked the first attempt at establishing regulations on the sealing industry for environmental purposes.   |  Linkedin Environment Canada, the weather forecasting agency, reported the ice was at the lowest level on record.[69]. Critics, however, say this represents only a tiny fraction of the C$600-million Newfoundland fishing industry. Kannada (/ ˈ k ɑː n ə d ə, ˈ k æ n-/; ಕನ್ನಡ [ˈkɐnːɐɖaː]; less commonly known as Kanarese) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by the people of Karnataka in south western region of India. [25] Although highly profitable at times and affording New South Wales one of its earliest trade staples, sealing's unregulated character saw its self-destruction. Other species protected are southern elephant seals, Ross seals and Antarctic fur seals. In the North Pacific, the later 1800s saw large harvests of fur seals. ,   Maithili মৈথিলী Please try searching for root term without suffix, prefix or re-search for exact term animal name in near future. [42], Another famous sealing ship of the era was the Terra Nova, originally built in 1884 for the Dundee whaling and sealing fleet. [15] Called nayiq by the Central Alaskan Yup'ik people, the ringed seal is also hunted and eaten in Alaska. [4] Nevertheless, the number of skins treated for commercial sale (both local and international) has fallen considerably in recent years and by 2017 was below 25,000. ", The Royal Commission on Seals and the Sealing Industry in Canada, also known as the Malouf Commission, concluded in a 1986 report, "Judged by the criteria of rapidity of unconsciousness and particularly the absence of preslaughter stress, the clubbing of seal pups is, when properly performed, at least as humane as, and often more humane than, the killing methods used in commercial slaughterhouses, which are accepted by a majority of the public. On 21 September 2007 in Arkhangelsk, the Norwegian GC Rieber Skinn AS proposed a joint Russian–Norwegian seal hunting project. (p 692) admit, the presence of an observer on a sealing vessel "may have incited sealers to hit the seals skulls more vigorously". Searched term : animal name. [56], Canadian seal product exports reached C$18 million in 2006. "[116], According to the (DFO), "The Marine Mammal Regulations stipulate that seals must be harvested quickly using only high-powered rifles, shotguns firing slugs, clubs or hakapiks.[1]. As a result of population concerns, Norway's seal hunt is now controlled by quotas based on recommendations from International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES),[121] However, sealing in Norway has declined in recent years, and the quotas have not been reached. Kannada/Animals. ,   Gujarati ગુજરાતી evidence cited above addresses the question of whether seals were likely conscious or unconscious at the time they were skinned, using post-mortem examination of skulls. "[119], In 2013, the Canadian Department of Fisheries and Oceans conducted a population survey.   |  Youtube Searched term : animal name. ", In 2005, the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) commissioned the Independent Veterinarians Working Group Report. Oil was processed and sold in Norway ; the rest is exported to the.... Use images of the Protesters were later acquitted in favour of Britain on all points in.. 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