So, we use “ask/tell + to + verb” to report a command or imperative. Today’s lesson is focused for new learners who want to learn Direct, Indirect speech in easy way. Student 1: I can't understand. Reported speech: When we arrived to the river, Peter said that he was very happy in that place : As you can see, in reported speech we need to make some changes. The verb in the direct speech example is in the present simple, but once we put the sentence in reported speech the verb shifts back to the simple past. “Wake up early.” She told me to wake up early. Rule No. In narration a sentence has two parts:-Reporting verb: He said to me, Reported speech: “I am playing.” Rules of Changing Pronouns. They said, 'We've lived here for a long time.' When we want to report what people say, we use reporting verbs. Give each student a copy of the two-page worksheet. Reported speech - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary Direct speech: "I like the new teacher, he is intelligent." Verbs of Reported speech (if the reporting verb is in past tense) (list 2) Direct speech → Indirect speech Am / is / are → was / were Was / were → had been Has / have → had Had → had had Shall / will → would Can → could May → might Must, should → must, should Verb1 → verb2 Verb2 → had + verb3. Example on Process of Conversion from Direct to Indirect Speech. direct speech reported speech; She said, "I saw Mary yesterday." (indirect speech) When we use the actual words of the speaker we use direct speech but when we give the substance of his speech in our own words we use indirect speech. Definition of Direct & Indirect Speech. They said they had lived there for a long time. We use reported speech to tell others what someone said in the past. = We explained that it could be difficult to find our house. What is Direct & Indirect Speech? “Bring it, please.” He asked her to bring it, please. Always change the tense, although it is sometimes not necessary. She said, "I drink water." a) Direct: Radha said, “I am very busy now.” Students begin by reading a short dialogue and underlining all the modal verbs. They said they had plans. Indirect Speech: We quote the words or speech of the speaker in our own words, without inverted commas: He told me that he was playing. Reported Speech: She said she’d been to London three times. Orders. We can use reported speech to express orders, requests and advice. Reported speech. She said she had seen Mary the day before. Also known as Indirect Speech, Reported Speech is essential in everyday spoken English to basically “report” on what another person has said. He said he ate cheese. Andy: Tom tells us he thinks it's a good idea. These modal verbs do not change in reported speech: might, could, would, should, ought to: We explained, "It could be difficult to find our house." Show example. Let’s see what those changes are. Peter: Andy, I didn't understand. may need to be changed if we are … Student 2: The teacher says we are going to work on the reported speech on page 121. 4. 3:-The 2nd Person Pronoun (i.e. Example: Layla: "They landed on a little island." Reported Speech: Whenever you are quoting someone else’s words, you use two kinds of speeches – Direct or Indirect speech.In this chapter, we will learn all about Direct and Indirect speech and how to convert one into another. Talk is used to report the action (of speaking/having a conversation), and not the actual words that are used. But if we want to report what someone else said we have to use indirect speech. Layla said (that) Answer: Layla said (that) they had landed on a little island. We explained that it is very difficult to find our house. https://www.directindirectspeech.com Page 5 Direct Speech Indirect Speech He said to her, " You … Finish the sentences using Reported speech. Don't confuse time with tense. We use reporting verbs to introduce the information that was spoken previously. She said she drank water. Direct Speech . Reported speech (indirect speech) - free English online grammar exercise. We use the direct speech when are speaking. For example:Teacher: We're going to work on the reported speech. In the direct speech, the actual words of the speaker are called the reported speech and the verb “said” that introduces the reported speech is called the reporting verb. We don't always have to do this, however. Dinner’s ready! Reported speech – Simple Past – Sentences – Exercise. Task No. Please turn to page 121 in your book. It depends on when we heard the direct speech and when we say the reported speech. Jim’s mum: Don’t touch that pan – it’s hot! While the correct formulation may seem overwhelming at first, it becomes rather predictable in no time. Indirect Speech for Modals, e.g. He said: "My mother is here." When we want to tell somebody else what another person said, we can use either direct speech or reported speech. They said they lived here for a long time. If there is backshift of tenses in Reported Speech, the tenses are shifted the following way. You said we were late. MIGHT, SHOULD, WOULD, COULD, OUGHT TO . Because of this, you only ever use indirect speech in the past tense – and never in the present tense. Backshift of tenses. This is because when we use reported speech, we are usually talking about a time in the past That is why verbs usually have to be in the past too. “Sit down.” My boss told me to sit down. 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