By fornication understand all conjunction with women out of wedlock, be it with single or married persons. The act of Esau in selling, , was, hence, based in a contemptuous scepticism, a real apostasy from the Abrahamic faith, (so a proper warning against. μηδὲ βέβηλος ὡς ἡσαῦ κ. τ. πόρνος is to be taken in its literal sense and not as signifying departure from God [but cf. 17 For ye know how that afterward, when he would have inherited the blessing, he was rejected: for he found no place of repentance, though he sought it carefully with tears. The Greek word used here is bebēlos, a word which also means profane, or, as in some translations, unholy. This is the second time he has taken advantage of me: He took my birthright, and now he’s taken my blessing!” Then he … receiveth — accepts. ch. By that epithet is meant a man regardless of sacred, things, perhaps a scoffer. Book of Hebrews Chapter 12 - Click for Chapter Audio: 12:16 - [ In Context | Read Chapter | Discuss this Verse ] [ Original: Greek | Multi-Translation ] Lest there be any fornicator, or profane person, as Esau, who for one morsel of meat sold his birthright. The Expositor's Greek Testament. In other words, his bargain was irrevocable. Greek. Tradition relates that, up to the time of Aaron, priestly functions were discharged by each firstborn son (comp. John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament, Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans and Hebrews. בְּכוֹרָה or מִשְׁפַט הַבְּכוֹרָה, see Genesis 25:31-34; 1 Chronicles 5:1; Deuteronomy 21:17. Though Jewish tradition (see, for example, the Targum of Palestine on Genesis 25:29) affirms that Esau was a man of impure life, it is not probable that he is so represented in this verse. § 201 Potter’s Appendix, p. 404, “Pilosus intemperatus libidinosusque est”) or profane person ( τουτέστι, γαστρίμαργος, κοσμικός, τὰ πνευματικὰ βεβηλῶν καὶ καταπατῶν, Thl. Profane contemners of the grace of God, ought to fear being excluded from the mercy of God; and as Isaac did not, God will not repent or alter his righteous sentence upon them. If now, through any temptation or pressure, you let go the benefits you have in Christ, you are committing yourselves to an act you cannot recall. B. 1. p. 155, and others), is unsuitable, because Hebrews 12:16 is nothing else but the continued amplification of the διώκετε τὸν ἁγιασμόν, Hebrews 12:14. ἢ βέβηλος ὡς ἠσαῦ] or a profane person (a man of unhallowed, common mind, centred upon the earthly), as Esau. Hebrews 12:16. μή τις πόρνος … specific forms in which roots of bitterness might appear among them. This enumeration is not only not confused, but its arrangement has been well considered. The act of Esau in selling his birthright, was, hence, based in a contemptuous scepticism, a real apostasy from the Abrahamic faith, (so a proper warning against apostasy,) which apostasy descended in the Edomite line. Note that v. 3 is introduced by the Greek subordinating conjunction gar, which gives the grounds for the exhortation in vv. However, the content of the book, including the frequent references to the Hebrew Scriptures, makes it clear that he was writing to Jewish Christians who were sorely tempted to leave the Christian church and revert to Jewish worship. 1, and the LXX in Genesis 43:33. Profane Esau! Hebrews 6:9. Or profane person; that Isaiah, one who disregards spiritual blessings, preferring things which are seen and temporal, to those things which are unseen and eternal. that there be no immoral or godless person like Esau, who sold his own birthright for a single meal. Hebrews 12:18, 19 The Inferiority of Judaism. He profanely cast away his spiritual privilege for the gratification of his palate. There is no flaming fire or dark cloud or storm 19 or trumpet sound. (KJV)Hebrews 12:16. This verse specifies some of the things referred to in general terms in the preceding one. Hebrews 12:1–2 is one sentence in the Greek text comprised of a main clause and three subordinate clauses, each introduced by participles. - Lest there be any fornicator, or profane person, as Esau, who for one morsel of meat sold his birthright. Let there be.—This is one of those sins which we are expressly taught exclude men from the kingdom of God, 1 Corinthians 6:9-10. des Hebräerbr. Classic writers employ for it ἡ πρεσβεία or τὸ πρεσβεῖον. 16 See that no one is sexually immoral, or is godless like Esau, who for a single meal sold his inheritance rights as the oldest son. Hebrews 12:15. Hebrews 12:16. μή τις πόρνος ἢ βέβηλος ὡς ἠσαῦ, ὃς ἀντὶ βρώσεως μιᾶς ἀπέδετο τὰ πρωτοτόκια ἑαυτοῦ. And as there is no true religion without holiness, we ought to make progress continually in the fear of God, in the mortifying of the flesh, and in the whole practice of piety; for as we are profane until we separate from the world so if we roll again in its filth we renounce holiness. Hebrews 12:23): they must exercise holy self-control, if they wish not, like Esau, to forfeit them. Comp. ’ specific forms in which roots of bitterness might appear among them. A profane personis one who makes a temporal use of a sacred thing. A and D, B and C, refer to each other by Chiasmus. Darby's English Translation It was this which the writer wished to enforce. The character of Esau, from Scripture as well as tradition, will very well bear the designation πόρνος: and the balance of the sentence is better preserved by applying both to him, than by leaving πόρνος insulated. Which birthright had many privileges belonging to him, but especially the honour of priesthood, all which did belong to the first-born. Neither is it to be applied to Esau, in spite of the passages adduced by Wetstein to show that he was commonly considered a fornicator, and of Philo’s interpretation of “hairy” as “intemperate and libidinous”; v. Delitzsch. He thought so little of his rights as the older son, that he literally. Jehovah could not be the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Esau, for Esau and his line contemned him. Or profane person: bebhlov imports one who had a bitter frame of spirit against the first table, one of an impure mind to God-ward, opposite to godliness, who neglects and spurns at holy things, rolling itself in its own pleasures, riches, honours, with a despising of God, his grace, and glory, 1 Timothy 1:9 4:7,16 2 Timothy 2:16. Hebrews 12:22-24 The Superiority of Christianity. Fornicators should not be permitted to remain among the disciples because of their evil influence ( 1 Corinthians 5:6-7). As Esau, who for one morsel of meat sold his birth-right: as Esau, who for a single meal sold his own birthright, —Who would be eminently “a root of bitterness,” defiling the Church. Hebrews 12:15): that no fornicator trouble you. as Esau, who for (on ἀντί, see on Hebrews 12:2) one meal sold (the use of ἀποδίδομαι, middle, for to sell, is common in good Greek) his own birthright (‘rights of primogeniture:’ τὰ πρωτοτόκια or - εῖα is the usual word in the LXX for the Heb. 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