General Considerations. Convergent thinking is considered black and white, while divergent thinking has gray areas. AP Psychology Self-Study and Homeschool. No critiques, no logic, no convergent thinking. That’s okay. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The amount of people that you expect to attend the event. : It’s a straight forward process that focuses on figuring out the most effective … Divergent thinking is the process of thinking that explores multiple possible solutions in order to generate creative ideas. The process is linked to knowledge, as manipulation of existing knowledge through various standard procedures is what leads to the formation of solutions. Convergent thinking is useful in situations when there is a single best correct answer and the … There was divergent thinking happening - each person was coming up with an “out of the box” idea. The next person comes up with a solution, and that’s immediately shot down, too. There are many possible examples of divergent thinking. Divergent thinking takes place in a free-flowing manner and is spontaneous, which results in multiple possible solutions in short amount of time. When it comes to problem solving and idea generation, two ways are commonly cited, namely divergent and convergent thinking strategies. There are many different theories in psychology and other sciences that try to explain how perception works. Such thinking is often described as linear. A Convergence–Divergence Continuum. Picture this. But let’s approach this same problem with our “convergent thinking cap.” Disney World? You might find yourself coming up with a great solution without frustrations! You may decide to make the event Disney-themed, for example, to have a fun event without shelling out the costs of actually going to Florida. But they were quickly getting shot down. 2. Divergent Thinking. This type of thinking requires you to expand your mind and find innovative solutions. • Do NOT score examples negating extrinsic motivation alone (e.g., “Sachio is not doing it just to earn the scholarship”). computers: an analogy for the mind/brain. One person comes up with a solution, but it’s immediately shot down by another coworker. For instance, John Kennedy used convergent thinking to figure out that America could beat Russia into space by sending a man on the moon and NASA team employed divergent thinking in developing the equipment and lunar modules. Having been told that Syd is an engineer andFran is an elementary school teacher, when Arnold meets the couple for the first time, he assumes that Syd is the husband and Fran is the wife, rather than the opposite, which is the case. Convergent thinking is used in IQ and intelligence tests. AP Psychology - Cognition - Memory 40 Terms. Rubric examples provided for each point are not to be considered exhaustive. Rather than doing them in the same meeting, try “batching” your divergent and convergent thinking tasks. But when you do come up with an “out of the box” solution that does fit into your constraints, you’ve got a great solution on your hands. 6. At certain points in the creative process, thinking and focus needs to shift. Variety of tests, such as multiple choice tests, standardized tests, quizzes, spelling tests and similar other tests require convergent thinking, because only one answer can be 100% correct. For example, find answers to the question What is the sum of the internal angles of a triangle? Take an hour of the meeting for your team simply to brainstorm ideas. ... making us unique. Now it’s time to focus on other elements of the event. Using inspiration from your previous brainstorms, you can truly make your event the greatest it can be, or solve any problem efficiently. The next time you’re faced with a problem, try this batching technique. A big outdoor party? cmaurerleps TEACHER. Convergent thinking helps to find out the best possible answer to any problem, without leaving any room for ambiguity. Their brain had to switch back and forth, too. Now, let’s go back to the first example. Would you need a permit to hold the party outside? A slightly extreme example would be: A person is either sick or healthy. Start studying AP Psych Ch 7: Cognition and Language. Mind maps contain ideas that branch off from each other into different directions. Would you have to worry about noise complaints? Free-Response Questions Download free-response questions from past exams along with scoring guidelines, sample responses from exam takers, and scoring distributions. By understanding the difference between convergent and divergent thinking, you can more effectively plan out your brainstorming session and come to the best solution without frustration. Or at the new hotel that is opening down the street? It doesn’t consider minority arguments. The solutions derived by using convergent thinking process are the most accurate ones most of the time. Methods involved in convergent thinking also involve recognizing the previously tried out techniques and reapplying them along with the readily stored information. No wonder the group became worn out so fast! Convergent and divergent thinking are relatively new terms in the world of psychology. The Cognitive Revolution. edition). The process of figuring out a concrete solution to any problem is called Convergent Thinking. Muhammad has been in his school cafeteria hundreds of times. Switching back and forth between the two may not seem like multitasking, but it is a form of multitasking. All of these venues could attract potential guests and make the event really stand out! By putting on your “divergent thinking cap,” you start to brainstorm. Because This is the more logical way of thinking, in which we narrow the solutions to a problem till we find the best one. Required fields are marked. Way out of budget, and most of the guests won’t want to travel that far. Start studying AP Psych Chapter 7 Examples(B). This is opposite from divergent thinking in which a person generates many unique, creative responses to a single question or problem. A slightly extreme example would be: A person is either sick or healthy. FRQ Review Last Lesson: Semantic Encoding Overlearning Massed Practice Proactive Interference Definition: Semantic encoding involves a variety of methods for putting information into memory by emphasizing meaning through deep … Divergent thinking can be described as unconventional thinking in problem solving. Convergent Thinking. In an abundance of enthusiasm generated post-Sputnik 1, the convergent style of thinking was rapidly equated with typical intelligence. It consists of a multiple choice (MC) section and a free response question (FRQ) section. Let’s say you’re planning an event, and trying to figure out where to have the event. Crossing off items on your list quickly means that you’re coming to a solution quickly. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. This method of checking out the archives is most effective when the situation is pre-existent, and the solution only needs to be worked out through decision making strategies. You’ve found your solution. It requires us to learn things in order to get good scores in exams. When you think about “brainstorming,” you are thinking about divergent thinking. Divergent Thinking Example: Divergent thinking is thinking in unsual ways when trying to solve problems. Just keep expanding the ideas of where you should hold the event, for a solid block of time. Mark A. Runco, in Creativity (Second Edition), 2014. Your email address will not be published. The distinction between divergent and convergent thinking implies a dichotomy. Theodore created PracticalPsychology while in college and has transformed the educational online space of psychology. Convergent Thinking. ... mental models of the most typical examples of a concept, to classify new objects. Theodore. One day, to illustrate the nature of forgetting, Muhammad's teacher asks him how many pillars there are in the cafeteria. ... 📝 Convergent Thinking. It’s necessary! This part of the thinking process requires looking for fallacies and potential problems. What about a big outdoor party with tents? I included an example of unconventional thinking in my book, Finding Meaning (3rd. Example: Cindy would have to use divergent thinking if her professor asked her to think of a hundred different uses for a fork. Play this game to review Psychology. Convergent thinking is mostly rational. This is an option too, but only if the cost for lights, heating, and the tents actually did fit in the budget. ... Convergent Thinking. 2. Divergent and Convergent thinking skills are both important aspects of intelligence, problem solving and critical thinking. ... An example of a heuristic would be trying to find the x value that makes this equal true: 3x+6=24. Harvard instructors like Anne Manning suggest another approach to convergent and divergent thinking. Now, let’s go back to the first example. The capacity to produce unusual uses is but one example of the general cognitive ability to engage in divergent thinking (Guilford, 1967). Figuring out the solution to a problem is its only goal, and emphasizes oneval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'psychestudy_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_3',128,'0','0'])); Convergent thinking doesn’t always involve seeking out new procedures to solve the problem; rather it focuses on finding the best solution for a problem by hook or crook. • Do NOT score examples of satisfying a physiological drive. One would use convergent thinking to answer multiple choice tests on an exam, but use divergent thinking methods to answer an essay. The possibilities are endless. His goal is to help people improve their lives by understanding how their brains work. 2019 AP ® Psychology Free-Response Questions Set 2 ... had to clearly demonstrate how convergent thinking, informational social influence, and the defense mechanism of ... Instructional Approaches and Sample Activities in the 2019 AP Psych ology Course and … The person that was critiquing their argument was in “convergent thinking” mode. Here, I’ll break down the MC section, so you’re ready for test day. It is often contrasted with divergent thinking, a process of creative thinking that questions and probes a topic rather than calculating a logically correct answer. Convergent Vs Divergent Thinking, Differences; Convergent Thinking Divergent Thinking; The process of figuring out a concrete solution to any problem is called Convergent Thinking. And multitasking is not as effective as you may think. Let’s start by talking about divergent thinking. Convergent production is the deductive generation of the best single answer to a set problem, usually where there is a compelling inference. Convergent thinking is the tool, also used in creative problem solving. Unlike convergent thinking, which converges on the single best answer or solution, divergent thinking comes up with multiple possibilities that might vary greatly in … Convergent Thinking. Phonemes are: Q. Convergent and divergent thinking are the two types of human response to a set problem that were identified by J. P. Guilford . Other examples of convergent thinking include: Deciding if you should use a spoon or a fork to eat your meal Asking children to choose between going to … A cognitive process (a mode of critical thinking) in which a person generates many unique, creative responses to a single question or problem. It is a large room, and there are nine free-standing pillars that support the roof. This break could be an overnight break - many people have their best creative ideas when they are sleeping, showering, or thinking about other things. AP Psychology gives you insight into your mind and the minds of others. A cognitive process (a mode of critical thinking) in which a person attempts to find a single, correct answer to a problem. One example of convergent thinking is school. This procedure is unorganized and yields unexpected connections. Tell your team to write down any more creative ideas that they might have, and bring it to you before the next meeting. There was divergent thinking happening - each person was coming up with an “out of the box” idea. Your email address will not be published. Knowledge, being the source of ideas, creates a map for solutions and separates criteria of uniqueness and efficiency. To select the best of our divergent options, determine their potential value. (2020, June). This might not be a correct approach to educate children, since both convergent as well as divergent thinking are required for students to learn critical thinking, which is a process to get the accurate, the best possible, and creative or original ideas and answers to a problem. Variety of tests, such as multiple choice tests, standardized tests, quizzes, spelling tests and similar other tests require convergent thinking, because only one answer can be 100% correct. Responses that simply parrot or repeat the terms from the question will not score. Divergent thinking is the opposite of convergent thinking, which involves solving problems through obvious choices only. For example, when I think of the concept of funny, the prototype Homer Simpson may pop up in my head. Most popular techniques used in convergent thinking are knowledge, probabilities, logic, decision making strategies, and answers evaluated from multiple techniques are individually analyzed to figure out the best possible solution. Thus, knowledge is an important aspect of creativity. How fun would it be to have the event at Disney World? It doesn’t take long for the whole team to feel very frustrated and exhausted. Mind maps are the best way to put the results of divergent thinking on paper. 1950s: psychology resumes focus on the mind and mental processes. Or, a medical student can be either a doctor or nothing. Give your team a break. In the convergent thinking process, choice is deliberate and conscious. This is different from convergent thinking which attempts to find a single, correct answer to a problem. In convergent thinking, on the other hand, people narrow down a list of possibilities to arrive at a single right answer. Unlike convergent thinking, which converges on the single best answer or solution, divergent thinking comes up with multiple possibilities that might vary greatly in … Convergent Thinking Bringing facts and data together from various sources and then applying logic and knowledge to solve problems, achieve objectives or to make informed decisions is known as thinking convergently. cognition – how information is processed and manipulated when remembering, thinking, and knowing. Or, a medical student can be either a doctor or nothing. 1. These two cognitive approaches, when used appropriately, can be used to solve just about any problem that you face. When a student contemplates the possible answers available, they use convergent thinking to weigh alternatives within a construct. We shall look at a few of them. ... Convergent thinking is thinking that is pointed towards one solution. The first step is to learn about different types of thinking. Cite this article as: Praveen Shrestha, "Convergent Thinking," in, https://www.psychestudy.com/cognitive/thinking/convergent, Psychological Steps Involved in Problem Solving, Types of Motivation: Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation, The Big Five personality traits (Five-factor Model), Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory, Client Centered Therapy (Person Centered Therapy), Detailed Procedure of Thematic Apperception test. But they were quickly getting shot down. ... AP Psychology AP Review 235 Terms. How can you make this situation more productive? Retrieved from https://practicalpie.com/convergent-vs-divergent-thinking/. Convergent vs Divergent Thinking (Definitions + Examples). Convergent thinking isn’t bad or unproductive. You’ll be able to cross some ideas off of your list pretty quickly. The term convergent thinking is defined as the process of finding the single best solution to a problem or question, such as arriving at the answer to a multiple choice question or figuring out how to program your VCR.Coined by J. P. Guilford in 1950, convergent thinking is a process that seeks out the right or best possible solution from many possibilities. ... • Convergent thinking • Informational social influence • Defense mechanism of regression . Various solutions produced by the method can be used to sort out the best possible answer thereafter. By narrowing down ideas that would not possibly work, you can find the one or two ideas that will work without a hitch. That’s closer to the budget and guests can easily travel there. a mode of thinking … Convergent thinking is not dependent upon creativity. 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